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Course code: ICAO 054 (APPROACH)

Duration: 8-9 weeks

Course code: ICAO 054 (APPROACH)

Duration: 8-9 weeks


Course aim

This course is for ICAO students selected by Air Navigation Service Providers to become Air Traffic Controllers in an Approach Control Surveillance environment. It gives the students a further and more specific understanding of the Approach Controller job. This course can either be part of students’ Initial Training, or as a further Rating after working as an active Air Traffic Controller for several years. Students who pass the course receive an ICAO APS Student Air Traffic Controller Licence.

After completion of this course, the students:

  • Have knowledge and understanding in accordance with the topics and sub-topics detailed in ICAO Annex 1.
  • Have skills to perform Approach Control Radar Service in an approach control environment safely, expeditiously, orderly and according to rules and regulations.
  • Have knowledge of the importance of teamwork and of human factors related issues that can affect personal and team performance.

Course structure

The standard course takes approximately 9 weeks.

The first week focuses on theoretical knowledge and team-building activities. After the theoretical part, the students will apply their knowledge in the practical simulator training which is divided into phases. Each phase has a different focus e.g. skills, handling of VFR traffic crossing the TMA together with departing and/or arriving traffic, knowledge of TMA (Terminal Control Area) layout and general APS procedures in a TMA.

Theoretical training
We deliver the theoretical part of the course through a blend of classroom training, group work, and discussions. Throughout the course, eLearning elements allow a flexible learning environment as students can participate in these lessons online. During the theoretical training, the students develop teamwork skills that help them perform in the practical training in the simulator.

Simulator training
In the first step of simulator training, to be better prepared to do exercises in a TMA the students practice individual skills e.g. techniques concerning right and left turns, speed control when sequencing traffic inbound, and the skill of feeding aircraft in and out of a holding.

Thereafter students are gradually introduced to exercises where their skills are being used and at the same time, more traffic, new elements (like unusual and emergency events) and more complex situations are added in a well-balanced rate.

Content in brief

The course covers topics such as, but not limited to:

  • Rules and methods for radar vectoring, sequencing, separations, phraseology and co-ordinations used in an approach service
  • Rules and methods for handling VFR flights
  • Rules and methods for change of runway
  • Rules and methods using only primary radar
  • Rules and methods for handling of transponder failure, communication failure, ACAS, special weather phenomena, LVP.
  • Methods and handling of arriving, departing and overflying traffic in a correct, safe and orderly way
  • Different approach methods e.g. ILS, NDB, SRE, VA
  • Applying correct methods for the sequencing of traffic
  • Training of several unusual and/or emergency situations


A successful completion of Entry Point North’s ICAO Basic course or equivalent, as well as participation of Entry Point North’s ICAO STD Intro. We also require English language skills at ICAO level 4 or higher.

Compliance with regulations

  • The course is compliant with ICAO standards and recommended practices.
  • Entry Point North academy is certified as a training organization by the Swedish CAA.
Entry Point North
T +46 40 694 43 00